Monroe Gallery of Photography
Monroe Gallery of Photography


Fire hoses aimed at Demonstrators,
Birmingham, Alabama, 1963

1963 was a year of change: change in leadership and social change. 1963 ran the gamut of human emotion and human endeavor. It was a year that began with high hopes for easing of international tensions, a year that sustained a terrible period of shock and mourning and ended with a nation and a world community coming to understand a new maturity in its ability to cope with sudden and enormously difficult circumstances.

An afternoon at a lunch counter. A thousand arms linked at the elbows. A firing line of water hoses. A pack of German Shepherds. A letter from a Birmingham Jail, A devastating explosion, The Dodgers win the works series. Beatlemania begins. John F. Kennedy is assassinated. A world that would never be the same.

As the year began, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama, and during his inauguration address he stated "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!". The year would continue: The Beatles release "Please Please Me"; the Birmingham police use dogs and cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators, and then there are Bomb attacks in Birmingham, and later, riots. President John F. Kennedy signs law for equal pay for equal work for men and women as Governor Wallace tries to prevent blacks registering at University of Alabama. Governor George C. Wallace later prevents the integration of Tuskegee High School as James Meredith is awarded a bachelor's degree by the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss), becoming the first black man to graduate from the school, and John F. Kennedy says segregation is morally wrong and that it is "time to act". Just hours after President John F. Kennedy's speech, civil rights activist Medgar Evers pulled into his driveway after returning from a meeting with NAACP lawyers and was struck in the back with a bullet and killed. Also in 1963, President Kennedy visits West Berlin and delivers the "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner) speech; the Los Angeles Dodgers sweep New York Yankees in 60th World Series; "Cleopatra" premieres in New York City, and 1963 draws to a close with President Kennedy assassinated; and on December 26th the Beatles release "I Want To Hold Your Hand"/"I Saw Her Standing There.

Fire hoses aimed at demonstrators, Birmingham, 1963

Birmingham Protests, May 1963

Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Abernathy Walk Toward Their Arrest, Birmingham, Alabama, April 16, 1963

Martin Luther King, Jr., Birmingham, 1963

Funeral Procession for Medgar Evers, Mississippi, 1963

In a Show of Support that Brought Together Different Factions of the Movement, Civil Rights Leaders Joined the Funeral Procession for Medgar Evers, Mississippi, 1963

Dr.Martin Luther King, Jr. is stopped by police at Medgar Evers' funeral, Jackson, MS, June, 1963

Martin Luther King Jr at a rally in Detroit, 1963

The Historic Washington Mall Freedom March, "I Have a Dream", August 28, 1963

"I Have dream", Martin Luther King Jr at rally in Washington, DC, 1963

Demonstrators during Civil Rights rally in front of the Washington Monument, 1963

Freedom March: Marchers join hands and sing "We Shall Overcome", 1963

Voter Registration, 1963

Comedian Dick Gregory and other demonstrators are directed by Police during Voter Registration drive, Mississippi, 1963

Robert F. Kennedy, New York, 1963

John F. Kennedy at his home in Hyannis Port, MA, during a break from an interview with Walter Cronkite, 1963

President John F. Kennedy visiting Berlin, 1963

President John F. Kennedy looking over Berlin wall to Eastern Sector, 1963

James Meredith with US Marshals, Oxford, Mississippi, 1962

George Wallace in doorway, Tuscaloosa, 1963

On the 6:25 from Grand Central to Stamford, CT, November 22, 1963

John F. Kennedy Jr. saluting his father's coffin, November 25, 1963 with Ted Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy, Rose Kennedy, Peter Lawford, and Robert F. Kennedy in background.

Rider-less horse and funeral procession, November 25, 1963

Funeral procession, November 25, 1963

John F. Kennedy laid to rest, Arlington, 1963

Horse Drawn Caisson Bearing John F. Kennedy's Casket, 1963

At John F. Kennedy's funeral, Jacqueline Kennedy held the flag that had covered her husband's coffin.

Jackie and John Jr. out for a stroll in 1963, Palm Beach, Florida

Steve McQeen and his wife, Neile Adams, in sulphur bath, Big Sur, California, 1963

Steve McQueen at home with pistol

Steve McQueen, "The Great Escape"

"The Birds", 1963

Elizabeth Taylor, "Cleopatra", 1963

"From Russia With Love", 1963

Supermarket Protests, New Jersey, 1963

Barbra Streisand on the Johnny Carson Show, New York, 1963

Tailgating, Yale Football, 1963

Sandy Koufax

1963 World Series Final Game - Sandy Koufax (jumping/celebrating), Maury Wills, Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles, CA

Arnold Palmer

Andre Watts, age 16, with Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic, 1963

The Beatles arrive, February 7, 1964, New York

The Beatles at the Plaza Hotel, February 7, 1964

James Baldwin, Harlem, New York, 1963

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